Adoption (adoption placement) Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

Adoption agencies are looking for parents for children.

The principle of every adoption placement is that no children are sought for parents, but parents for children. In addition to married couples, single persons can also adopt a child. In the case of unmarried couples or couples living in a civil partnership, only one partner can adopt the child at a time.

Adoptive parents must be at least 25 years old. For married couples, one partner must be 25 years old, the other at least 21 years old. The age difference between child and adoptive parents should be no different from the average age difference between biological parents and children. An upper age limit is not set by law. However, there is a recommendation by the Federal Association of State Youth Welfare Offices to consider adoption with an age gap between child and parents of more than 40 years only in exceptional cases.

Before a decision is made to consider adoption applicants, their suitability must be checked by an adoption agency. However, an application for adoption and the determination of suitability as an adoption applicant does not guarantee the placement of a child!

If you are lucky enough to have a child, you will assume all obligations or efforts and burdens for or by the child during the period of adoption care. The adoptive parents do not receive any care allowance during the period of adoption care. The adoption agency will look after you during this time and prepare an expert opinion for the court, which will ultimately decide on the adoption.

After a reasonable period of care, you can apply for adoption to the family court (formerly guardianship court). This application must be notarized. The family court examines the necessary conditions for adoption and can decide on the adoption.

With the adoption, the child and you as adoptive parents are forever firmly connected, that is, after the adoption is pronounced, you enter into the rights and obligations of the biological parents. You need to be aware that a child cannot be returned if conflicts arise or the child's development does not go according to their ideas.


Further information on the subject of adoption can also be found on the website of the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ).

  • BMFSFJ - Adoption
  • Act on the Mediation of Acceptance as a Child and on the Prohibition of the Placement of Surrogate Mothers (Adoption Mediation Act - AdvermiG),
  • Act on the Agreement on the Joint Central Adoption Agency (AdZtrAbk SH).

Related Links

  • AdvermiG
  • AdZtrAbk SH

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