Right to vote and eligibility - Certificates (election proposal)
Anyone who has a certain support in the population may participate in an election. For this reason, certain nominations require signatures of support.
In order to participate in an election, a certain support is required among the population. Therefore, the electoral law stipulates that for nominations of parties that are not represented by a minimum number of deputies in parliament, a certain number of signatures of support must be submitted by citizens entitled to vote. Only then can the nomination be admitted to the election. In the case of a district election proposal for the state election, this is 100 signatures according to § 26 of the State Election Act (LWahlG), and 1,000 signatures for a Land list.
At the municipal level, this procedure is dispensed with in municipal and district elections. Only in the case of mayoral elections, the nomination of an independent candidate, unless it is the incumbent, must be signed personally and handwritten by a minimum number of eligible voters.
Support signatures must be provided in person and by hand on official forms. These forms are issued by the competent election authorities to the election candidates after the election proposal has been drawn up (on request).
Each person entitled to vote may only support one nomination with his or her signature. For each supporter, the right to vote must be confirmed by the municipality responsible for his main residence. This certificate of right to vote is usually issued on the same form on which the support signature was provided.
Candidates who wish to stand for election must prove that they are eligible when submitting the nomination. The requirements for eligibility may vary depending on the type of choice. Eligibility is confirmed on a corresponding form (in the case of Bundestag elections, for example, in accordance with Annex 16 of the Federal Electoral Regulations - BWO). These forms are available from the respective returning officer.
In the special session of 10 January 2022, the Schleswig-Holstein State Parliament determined the unreasonableness of the presence of constellation meetings for candidates for the State Election and thus activated the special provisions of the State Election Act.
Therefore, for the election to the 20th Schleswig-Holstein Landtag, it is now possible that the constellation meetings for candidates for the state election can take place in whole or in part digitally or in a written procedure, with the exception of voting on an election proposal. Voting on an election proposal can be carried out by ballot box or by postal vote or in a mixed form of both. Should parties make use of the exceptions, this must be indicated when submitting the election proposal.
In addition, this means that the parties that are not yet represented in the Landtag or the German Bundestag with deputies elected in Schleswig-Holstein are satisfied with the signatures of 50 for a district election proposal and the signatures of 500 eligible voters for a state list.
You can find out more about elections on the website of the State Returning Officer of the State of Schleswig-Holstein.
Elections in Schleswig-Holstein
Federal Elections Act (BWahlG)
§ 34 Federal Electoral Regulations (BWO)
State Election Act (LWahlG)
§ 35a Land Election Act (LWahlG)
§ 26 paragraph 4 sentence 4 no. 1 and no. 2 Land Election Act (LWahlG)
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