Nature conservation: compensatory and replacement measures

Projects that unavoidably affect nature must be balanced out by nature conservation and landscape conservation measures.

The aim of nature conservation is to preserve nature and landscape on the basis of their own value and as the basis of human life. Since it is becoming increasingly clear that serious impairments or even destruction of nature and landscape can also have serious negative consequences for humans, in addition to the protection of the landscape, in particular conservation, if necessary restoration and the long-term and sustainable usability of the natural balance are sought.

Anyone who wants to carry out a project that changes the use or shape of the environment and that can significantly impair the natural balance or the landscape - in particular through construction measures - usually requires an intervention permit. The associated impairments of the natural balance and the landscape must be kept as low as possible. Depending on the situation, unavoidable impairments must either be compensated for in the same way by measures of nature conservation and landscape management or, if compensation is not to be provided, equally compensated by replacement measures.

An eco-account is the targeted stockpiling of compensatory and replacement measures, which can be counted as compensatory measures in the event of subsequent interventions in nature and landscape. With the help of the eco-account, compensatory and replacement measures are brought forward, documented and managed until they can be assigned to an intervention.

In addition to the intervention permit, many other nature conservation permits may be required today (for example, species protection, biotope protection, Fauna-Flora-Habitats Directive, Birds Directive, protected area regulations).

  • Site plans
  • Descriptions
  • Information necessary for the assessment of the project.

As further documentation may be required, it is recommended that you contact the competent body in advance in this regard.


Many districts and cities with their own lower nature conservation authority have their own website, from which you can immediately find information and contact persons.

Further information and information can also be found in the state portal "Agriculture and Environment Schleswig-Holstein".

  • Intervention regulation under nature conservation law
  • Act on Nature Conservation and Landscape Management (Federal Nature Conservation Act - BNatSchG),
  • Building Code (Bundesbaugesetz - BauGB),
  • Act for the Protection of Nature (State Nature Conservation Act - LNatSchG),
  • Landesverordnung über das Ökokonto, die Einrichtung des Kompensationsverzeichnises und über Standards für Ersatzsmaßnahmen (Ökokonto- und Kompensationsverzeichnisverordnung - ÖkokontoVO),
  • Landesverordnung über Verwaltungsgebühren (Allgemeiner Gebührentarif) Tarifstelle 14.1 - VwGebV.

Related Links

  • BNatSchG
  • BauGB
  • LNatSchG
  • ÖkokontoVO
  • VwGebV

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