Carriage of goods by road for hire or reward - Apply for a permit Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

If you are transporting goods on a commercial basis with motor vehicles whose maximum permissible weight (including trailers) is more than 3.5 tonnes, you must apply for a permit from the local transport authority.

Carriage of goods by road is the commercial or paid transport of goods by motor vehicles which, including trailers, have a gross vehicle weight higher than 3.5 tonnes.

In principle, the carriage of goods by road for hire or reward is subject to authorisation. So-called own-account transport, i.e. the carriage of goods by road for the company's own purposes under certain conditions, is not subject to authorisation.

If the vehicles are only in use throughout Germany, you need a permit for commercial road haulage (according to § 3 of the Goods Road Transport Act). For cross-border journeys within the European Union, the European Economic Area (EEA)* and Switzerland, you need a Community licence (EU licence) and, if applicable, a driver attestation for third-country nationals.

You can also use the Community licence for transport within Germany and the EEA states ("cabotage traffic").

For commercial road haulage with countries outside the European Economic Area, in addition to the national permit for the German share of the route (permit for commercial road haulage or Community license), you need bilateral permits or so-called CEMT permits for route shares in third countries.

If you are travelling to or through Switzerland as part of the commercial carriage of goods by road, you will need a valid Community licence.

Licences for the carriage of goods by road for hire or reward and the Community licence may be granted for a limited period, subject to conditions or with conditions. The national permit can be granted for a period of validity of up to 10 years. The Community licence shall be issued for a period of 5 years.

  • Documents for the applicant company:
    • Extract from the register of trade, partnerships, cooperatives or associations, if a corresponding entry exists
    • for GbR companies: Excerpt from the GbR contract
    • Proof of the right of representation if a person other than the applicant has the professional aptitude
    • Proof of reliability:
      • Certificate of good conduct for the person authorised to represent (not older than three months)
      • Information from the Central Trade Register for the person authorised to represent (not older than three months)
      • Information from the driving aptitude register for the person authorised to represent (not older than three months)
    • Proof of financial capacity:
      • Clearance certificate from the tax office (not older than three months)
      • Clearance certificate from the municipality (not older than three months)
      • Clearance certificate from the health insurance company (not older than three months)
      • Clearance certificate from the Berufsgenossenschaft Verkehrswirtschaft, Post-Logistik, Telekommunikation (BG Verkehr) (not older than three months)
      • Capital certificate to prove financial capacity in the carriage of goods by road for hire or reward (Annex 2 of the General Administrative Regulation on Road Haulage Law (GüKVwV)) and
      • if necessary, supplementary certificate proving financial standing in the carriage of goods by road for hire or reward (Annex 3 of the General Administrative Regulation on Road Haulage Law (GüKVwV)
    • Proof of professional aptitude:
      • Certificate of passing the IHK specialist examination or an equivalent recognised final examination or
      • Proof of at least 10 years of managerial activity in a road haulage company (the Chamber of Commerce and Industry responsible for you will check whether the requirements are met)
  • Documents for persons appointed to conduct road haulage operations (transport managers):
    • Proof of reliability:
      • Certificate of good conduct (not older than three months)
      • Information from the Central Trade Register (not older than three months)
      • Information from the driving aptitude register (not older than three months)
    • Proof of professional aptitude:
      • Certificate of passing the IHK specialist examination or an equivalent recognised final examination or
      • Proof of at least 10 years of managerial activity in a road haulage company (the Chamber of Commerce and Industry responsible for you will check whether the requirements are met)
    • Proof of financial capacity:
      • Clearance certificate from the health insurance company (not older than three months)
    • Proof of employment

Preconditions

Permission is granted to an entrepreneur whose company actually and permanently has its registered office in Germany if:

  • the entrepreneur and the person appointed to manage the road haulage operations (transport manager) are reliable,
  • the financial capacity of the company is guaranteed, and
  • the entrepreneur or the person appointed to conduct the road haulage operations is professionally suitable.

The company needs equity plus reserves. The amount of capital is measured by the number of vehicles intended for use. For the first vehicle, the entrepreneur needs equity in the amount of 9,000 euros, for each additional vehicle 5,000 euros. This also applies to the use of rental vehicles.

A person is technically suitable if he has passed a specialist examination. All final examinations previously recognised as equivalent will continue to be considered equivalent if they were started or completed before 4 December 2011.

Persons who have worked continuously (at least ten years) in a managerial capacity in a road haulage company between 4 December 1999 and 4 December 2009 are also suitable for professional purposes.

Hints

Own-account transport as road haulage for the company's own purposes is exempt from authorisation under the following conditions:

  • the transported goods must be the property of the company or sold, bought, rented, rented, manufactured, produced, obtained, processed or repaired by the company.
  • the transport must serve the delivery of the goods to the company, their dispatch from the company, their transfer within or for personal use outside the company.
  • the motor vehicles used for transport must, in principle, be driven by the company's own personnel.
  • Carriage may only constitute an ancillary activity within the framework of the entire activity of the undertaking.

If the own-account transport as road haulage for the company's own purposes is exempt from authorisation, the entrepreneur operating own-account transport is obliged to register his company with the Federal Office for Goods Transport before the start of the first carriage.

The Federal Office for Goods Transport is responsible for issuing the bilateral permit or a so-called CEMT permit for international commercial road haulage and removal traffic in the Community of CEMT member states (over 30 countries in Europe).

Related Links

  • § 10 Ordinance on Access to the Profession for Road Haulage (GBZugV)
  • § 3 Goods Road Transport Act (GüKG)
  • General Administrative Regulation on Road Haulage Law (GüKVwV)
  • Articles 3 and 4 of Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 on common rules for access to the international road haulage market (recast)
  • Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 1071/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 laying down common rules for admission to the occupation of road transport operator and repealing Council Directive 96/26/EC

You must apply for the national road haulage licence or the Community licence (EU licence) from the transport authority responsible for your place of business.

The application form can be obtained from the responsible transport authority. Depending on the offer of the authority, online forms are also available.

Complete the application in full and submit it with the required documentation.

The competent transport authority shall give the following bodies the opportunity to comment:

  • the Federal Office for Goods Transport,
  • the Chamber of Commerce and Industry,
  • the competent trade union and
  • the Association of the Transport Industry.

After the deadline for comments, the competent transport authority will decide on your application. You will receive a notification.

Responsible for the content
Bavarian State Ministry of Housing, Construction and Transport

Last update or date of publication
24.08.2020