Ebola: Information and infection protection Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

Ebola is a rare and life-threatening infectious disease. It is subject to the reporting obligation.

Ebola is a rare and life-threatening infectious disease. It belongs to the so-called viral hemorrhagic fever diseases (AF) and is caused by the Ebola virus (EV).

Ebola is subject to reporting.


The early symptoms are non-specific and resemble a flu infection: fever, headache, pain of the musculoskeletal system, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
In the process, other symptoms may be added, but not all of them always have to occur: internal and external bleeding (hemorrhages), which can be very severe, rash of the skin (exanthema), redness of the conjunctiva, sore throat, chest pain, difficulty swallowing and shortness of breath.
Direct contact with an Ebola patient should be avoided. Medical personnel caring for a confirmed case must comply with strict hygiene and isolation regulations.

Conduct in case of suspicion

It is very important to keep calm. The likelihood of Ebola outside Africa is extremely low.
A telephone contact with a doctor should be made with a detailed description of the symptoms, the travel locations and the duration of the trip.
The doctor will discuss the further procedure with the patient.

If the doctor can confirm a suspicion of infection with the Ebola virus, the responsible health authority should be informed and contact should be made with a specialized center. Often, however, apparent suspected cases can already be ruled out in a telephone call with a specialized center.

If the condition allows, the patient should remain on site until confirmation or exclusion of a suspected Ebola, e.B. at home, in the doctor's office, or in isolation on the hospital ward. No instruction should be made to a rescue centre. Transports should also be avoided as far as possible in order to prevent infections.

What information should be collected from potentially affected persons?

  • name and age of the patient,
  • precise information about complaints/symptoms and their onset and severity,
  • Indication of pre-existing conditions and medication intake, e.B. vaccinations and malaria prophylaxis (does not exclude malaria in principle), vaccinations.
  • Exact period of stay in an endemic area,
  • Type and place of accommodation.
  • Precise indication of the itinerary,
  • Stay in caves,
  • professional activities in laboratories.
  • Further information on the stay, e.B tourism, visiting relatives, professional activity in the endemic area,
  • contact with wild animals, consumption of wild animal meat,
  • sick people in the environment, funerals.


Further information on ebola can be found on the website of the Robert Koch Institute (rki).
The Federal Foreign Office (AA) provides information on medical risks abroad on its website. It provides information on countries and leaflets on diseases.

  • rki - Ebola
  • AA Travel and Health

§ 4 Act on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases in Humans (Infection Protection Act - IfSG).

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