Adoption procedures and adoption mediation

Adoption is intended to ensure the child's security and care, respecting his or her own biography in a new family. The adoption of a child is only considered when it is established that there is no life perspective in the family of origin, even with offers of support. The central aspect of adoption is the best interests of the child. The task of the adoption agencies is to place children in the most suitable foster family for them, but not to look for these "suitable" children.

among other things, the following documents are required: current extract from the birth register, Marriage (official medical) Health certificate, Extended certificate of leadership, Proof of income (last 12 months), copy of the identity card, certificate of place of residence, Life report


Preconditions
Married couples can only adopt together. Unmarried persons can only accept a child alone. When adopted by a married couple, one spouse must have reached the twenty-fifth, the other spouse must have reached the twenty-first year of life. If a person accepts a child alone, he or she must be twenty-fifth. An upper age limit for adoptive parents is not set in the current law. However, the age of the adoptive parents should correspond to a natural age gap in relation to the child. Adoptive parents must enjoy good physical and mental health in order to be available as resilient caregivers beyond puberty. A child needs intact and lasting family relationships for their development. In this respect, the stability and quality of the parental partnership is of central importance. The overall economic situation of the adoptive parents must be secured and they must have sufficient housing. Furthermore, adoptive parents should not be penalised. They must have empathy, commitment, resilience, problem-solving skills and openness to other ways of life. Adoptive parents do not have to be "better" than other parents. However, they need special skills beyond the abilities of biological parents, since the life situation of an adopted child is shaped, among other things, by being the child of two parents.

Hints
Legal consequences of a minor adoption: With the adoption as a child by the competent family court, all rights and obligations between the child and his biological parents and relatives expire exceptions are given to adoption by a step-parent or relative as well as the adoption of an adult. The adopted child becomes a stranger in relation to his biological parents and relatives. The only exception is that the marriage ban on relatives remains in straight line. The adopted child becomes the common child of the adoptive parents and receives the status of a biological child. The child is given the surname of the adoptive parents as the birth name. If they do not have a common surname, they may designate the name of the adoptive mother or father as the birth name. If the child is a foreign citizen, he or she acquires German nationality if the acceptor is German if he is a child, with the effective acceptance as a child in accordance with German law.
Married couples or individuals wishing to adopt a child must contact the adoption agency of the Youth Office, in whose area of responsibility their principal residence is, and submit an application. The adoption agency examines the suitability to accept a child with the aim of adoption. As part of the aptitude test, which usually takes about 9 months, several consultations take place, at least one home visit takes place. In addition, participation in preparatory seminars is mandatory for adoption applicants. Adoption applicants are provided with comprehensive information by the adoption agency specialists on all questions relating to adoption in terms of content and form. Every applicant for adoption must be able to speak openly about his or her own person, partnership and social relationships in the aptitude assessment procedure. Trusting conversations between applicants and adoption agency professionals are in the foreground. If the aptitude assessment procedure is concluded with a positive result, adoption applicants are confirmed as generally suitable for the admission of a child and are included in the adoption applicant list of the adoption agency.

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MFFJIV

Last update or date of publication
11.09.2020