The historically grown cultural landscapes, cities and places mean opportunities for our lives and those of future generations to develop individually and to identify with the country. They are a piece of home. Preserving this cultural heritage, testimony to our history, is also the task of the state. This obligation of the state also means that it intervenes in a formative way in questions of monument preservation. He lives up to his responsibility by protecting the monuments from inappropriate changes that destroy their historical significance. He helps monument owners to bear the additional costs for the cultural monument through tax relief and financial contributions, and he advises them on the professional preservation.
Cultural monuments are objects from bygone times that testimonies, in particular of intellectual or artistic creation, craftsmanship or technical work or historical events and developments, traces or remains of human life or characteristic features of cities and towns, and in whose preservation and maintenance or whose scientific research and documentation for historical, scientific, artistic or urban planning reasons there is a public interest. Cultural monuments are protected by law, i.e. a separate official protection is not required. However, only the monument property is decisive for the protection, even if the object is not included on the list.
The preservation of historical monuments is mainly divided into Architectural monument care Soil monument care she takes care of archaeology and paleontology (fossils)
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