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In Germany, politically persecuted persons are entitled to be recognised as persons entitled to asylum (Art. 16a Basic Law) or as refugees within the meaning of the so-called Geneva Convention on Refugees. Anyone wishing to avaise this right must undergo a recognition procedure.

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Further information can be found on the website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees.
If an asylum seeker registers with the border office, he or she will be directed to the nearest reception centre. However, this does not apply if he has the conditions for refusing entry, for example because he is arriving from a safe third country. If a foreigner first submits an asylum application in Germany, he or she will also be referred to the nearest first reception facility. The establishment and maintenance of initial reception facilities is the responsibility of the respective federal state. The initial reception facility checks whether an asylum procedure is carried out in the Land or whether a transfer to another federal state is necessary for reasons of competence or capacity. Asylum seekers then apply for asylum. As a rule, the application is made in person. It can only be made in writing in exceptional cases. Data is compared with the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR). According to the Asylum Procedures Act, a residence permit is granted, which grants a provisional right of residence for the execution of the asylum procedure in the Federal Republic. The residence permit does not give way to a right to be allowed to stay in a particular state or place. Subsequently, the legally required, non-public consultation of the asylum seeker is carried out by an official of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). In doing so, the asylum seeker must appear in person and explain his reasons for persecution. The application for asylum will then be decided. The decision on the application for asylum shall be taken in writing and shall contain a statement of reasons. It shall be sent to the asylum seeker with an appeal.

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