Request pension for miners Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

If you are no longer able to work in your previous profession in the mining industry for health reasons, you will receive a miners' pension under certain conditions.

Special pension regulations apply to miners. Because of the stresses and health risks of the profession, there is a "pension for miners".

The amount of your pension for miners depends on your entitlements from the miners' pension insurance. If you have acquired further entitlements in the general pension insurance, for example through work outside mining, these do not count.

You are allowed to earn a certain amount per year in addition to your miners' pension without your pension being reduced. The amount you are allowed to earn in addition to your pension is calculated individually and is stated in your pension statement.

You will not receive a miners' pension if you have

  • have already reached the standard retirement age, e.g. 67 for those born in 1964 or later, or
  • you are employed or self-employed outside the mining industry in an activity that is essentially equivalent in economic and qualitative terms.

In addition to the pension for miners, there is also the so-called "old-age pension for miners who have been employed underground for many years". You are entitled to this pension if you have completed the minimum insurance period of 25 years of continuous underground work and have reached the relevant age limit.

  • valid identity card or passport
  • Evidence that is not recorded in the insurance history, for example:
    • Offset certificates
    • Evidence of periods of training
    • Proof of unemployment
    • Proof of periods of illness
  • If another person files the claim:
    • Power of attorney or
    • Decision of the court

Forms: yes

Online procedure possible: yes

Written form required: yes

Personal appearance required: no

Related Links

  • Online-Antrag der Rente für Bergleute (ohne Registrierung)
  • Online-Antrag der Rente für Bergleute (mit Registrierung)
  • Zwischengespeicherten Online-Antrag öffnen

Preconditions

You can receive the pension for miners if you have

  • have not yet reached the standard retirement age,
  • you cannot continue to work in mining as your main occupation because of illness or disability, and
  • you cannot perform any other equivalent activity due to illness or disability. This means an occupation that is essentially economically equivalent and requires equivalent knowledge and skills.

In addition, prior to your diminished capacity to work in the mining industry, you must have

  • have paid at least 3 years of compulsory miners' contributions during the last 5 years, and
  • have fulfilled a qualifying period (minimum insurance period) of 5 years in the miners' pension insurance.

You can also receive the miners' pension from the age of 50 if you

  • you are not engaged in an occupation or self-employed activity that is economically equivalent to your work in the mining industry, and
  • you have completed the qualifying period (minimum insurance period) of 25 years.

Contribution periods due to employment with permanent underground work will be credited to this waiting period.

You will also have fulfilled the qualifying period if you have 25 years of contribution periods due to employment underground together with substitute periods in the mines.

Related Links

  • § 45 Sechstes Buch Sozialgesetzbuch (SGB VI)
  • § 242 Sechstes Buch Sozialgesetzbuch (SGB VI)

Related Links

  • Informationen zur Rente für Bergleute auf der Internetseite der Deutschen Rentenversicherung
  • Informationen zur Antragstellung Ihrer Rente auf der Internetseite der Deutschen Rentenversicherung
  • Informationen zu Fachbegriffen aus Rente und Rehabilitation auf der Internetseite der Deutschen Rentenversicherung
  • Übersicht: Online-Dienste auf der Internetseite der Deutschen Rentenversicherung

You can apply for a miner's pension in writing, in person, or online.

Written pension application:

  • Download the application form for the pension for miners on the website of the German Pension Insurance. Fill out the form completely and compile the required documents.
  • You can submit your completed and signed application together with the required documents to either
    • send it by post to the Knappschaft-Bahn-See or
    • hand it in at one of the local advice centres.
  • When your pension application has arrived, you will receive a confirmation of receipt.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See will check your application for completeness and, if necessary, request any missing documents.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See will check the conditions for your pension entitlement and the completeness of your insurance history. If necessary, it will clarify gaps in your insurance history.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See will also clarify other matters, such as your health insurance relationship, whether you earn additional income or receive an accident pension.
  • If you are entitled to a miners' pension at the desired start date, you will receive a pension notice with information on the start date, the start of the current payment and the amount. You will also be informed of your rights and obligations.
  • If you are not eligible for the miners' pension at the requested start date, you will receive a rejection notice stating the reason for the rejection.

Pension application via online procedure:

  • Go to the online portal of the German Pension Insurance and log in. You can use your signature card, your identity card with electronic proof of identity or your electronic residence permit for this purpose.
  • Fill out the form for the pension for miners and upload the necessary documents. Then submit your pension application online.
  • When your pension application has arrived, you will receive a confirmation of receipt.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See will check your application for completeness and request any missing documents if necessary.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See will check the conditions for your pension entitlement and the completeness of your insurance history. If necessary, it will clarify gaps in your insurance history.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See will also clarify other matters, such as your health insurance relationship, whether you earn additional income or receive an accident pension.
  • If you are entitled to a miners' pension at the desired start date, you will receive a pension notice with information on the start date, the start of the current payment and the amount. You will also be informed of your rights and obligations.
  • If you are not eligible for the miners' pension at the requested start date, you will receive a rejection notice stating the reason for the rejection.

Personal application at the consultation meeting:

  • Compile the documents you need to apply and make an appointment at a Deutsche Rentenversicherung information and advice centre.
  • During the consultation, your pension application is usually immediately recorded electronically and forwarded online.
  • Once your pension application has been received, you will receive a confirmation of receipt.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See of the German Pension Insurance checks the application for completeness and requests missing documents if necessary.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See checks the conditions for your pension entitlement and your insurance history for completeness. If necessary, it will clarify gaps in your insurance history.
  • The Knappschaft-Bahn-See will also clarify other matters, such as your health insurance relationship, whether you earn additional income or receive an accident pension.
  • If you are entitled to a miners' pension at the desired start date, you will receive a pension notice with information on the start date, the start of the current payment and the amount. You will also be informed of your rights and obligations.
  • If you are not entitled to a miners' pension when you request it, you will receive a rejection notice stating the reason for the rejection.

A person you trust can also submit the pension application on your behalf. Please submit a corresponding power of attorney to the Knappschaft-Bahn-See. As long as the power of attorney is valid, the Knappschaft-Bahn-See will only contact your authorized person.

Responsible for the content
Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS)

Last update or date of publication
02.12.2019