Application for an EORI number Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

If you are involved in customs-related activities, such as importing or exporting goods, you must apply for an EORI number.

In principle, all economic operators in the European Union receive an individual and EU-wide valid registration and identification number (EORI number) from the respective member state.

Economic operators are both natural persons and legal entities such as public limited companies or associations of persons with legal capacity, for example civil law partnerships (GbR). An unincorporated business entity, such as a branch, does not have its own EORI number. Instead, it is registered under the EORI number of its head office with its own branch number.

The EORI number consists of up to 17 characters and starts with the two-digit country code of the EU Member State issuing the EORI number.

If you do not yet have an EORI number and are based in Germany, you can apply for one at the General Customs Directorate. If you are based outside the customs territory of the European Union (EU), you must apply for your EORI number in the EU state in which you are making your first customs declaration or applying for a decision.

The German customs authorities will always transfer the master data you have entered for your EORI number to the European Commission's EORI database. You can call up and check the EORI number online via the EU database.

As a private individual, you do not generally need an EORI number if you submit fewer than 10 customs declarations per year. However, you must have an EORI number in order to be able to declare an export subject to authorisation at the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control.

To participate in ATLAS ("Automated Tariff and Local Customs Clearance System") you need an EORI number. The ATLAS specialist procedure is used to process and monitor the cross-border movement of goods to the greatest possible extent.

For companies and branches:

  • Current copy of the extract from the commercial register or
  • Copy of the business registration

Forms: yes
Online procedure possible: yes
Written form required: yes
Personal appearance required: no

Related Links

  • Formular 0870a (Unternehmen)
  • Formular 0870b (Niederlassungsnummer)
  • Formular 0870c (Privatpersonen)


The Directorate General of Customs shall transmit the master data to the EORI database of the European Commission. Consent to this transmission is a prerequisite for participation in the procedure.

Related Links

  • Artikel 9 Unionszollkodex (UZK)
  • Artikel 1 Nummer 18 der Delegierten EU-Verordnung zur Ergänzung des Unionszollkodex (UZK-DA)
  • Artikel 3 der Delegierten EU-Verordnung zur Ergänzung des Unionszollkodex (UZK-DA)
  • Artikel 5 - 7 der Delegierten EU-Verordnung zur Ergänzung des Unionszollkodex (UZK-DA)
  • Anhang 12-01 der Delegierten EU-Verordnung zur Ergänzung des Unionszollkodex (UZK-DA)

Related Links

  • Allgemeine Informationen zur EORI-Nummer auf der Internetseite des Zolls
  • Fragen und Antworten zur EORI-Nummer und zur Niederlassungsnummer auf der Internetseite des Zolls
  • EORI-Leitfaden auf der Internetseite der Europäischen Kommission
  • EORI-Datenbank auf der Internetseite der EU-Kommission
  • Verfahrensanweisung zum IT-Verfahren ATLAS auf der Internetseite des Zolls
  • Allgemeine Benutzerhinweise zum Bürger- und Geschäftskundenportal

You can apply for the EORI number online or in writing:

Online application:

  • Access Customs' Citizen and Business Customer Portal (BuG).
  • If you do not already have a personal service account, follow the instructions on the Customs Citizen and Business Customer Portal to set one up.
  • For secure electronic identification, you will need an ELSTER certificate issued to your company or to you as an individual.
  • Make sure that the certificate contains the current data of your company or individual. These are also part of the master data stored with your EORI number. At present, it is only possible to change this data by adjusting the data on which the ELSTER certificate is based.
  • You can access the "EORI number administration" via the user account and apply for a new EORI number or change your EORI-specific data at any time.
  • After Customs has checked your details, you will automatically receive a confirmation in your electronic mailbox in the Citizen and Business Customer Portal as well as a notification to the e-mail address you have stored.
  • You can view the status of your application via the process overview available in the Citizen and Business Customer Portal.

Written application or application by e-mail:

  • If you want to apply for an EORI number, download the appropriate form from the website of the Directorate General of Customs:
    • For businesses: Form 0870a
    • for a legally dependent company or organizational unit, for example a branch office: Form 0870b.
    • for a private individual: Form 0870c from the Internet.
  • You will find completion instructions when you open the relevant version of the form.
  • Complete the form in full, print it out and sign it.
  • Send the completed application together with the required documents by e-mail (scanned PDF document), by post or by fax to the Directorate General of Customs.
  • Once Customs has checked your details, you will receive a letter with your EORI number by post.

Responsible for the content
Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF)

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