In order for you to be able to find your way around at work and in everyday life with a profound visual impairment or hearing impairment, you need to have many special skills. The basic training for the blind or comparable basic training provides you with the knowledge and skills you need for an independent and autonomous life - professionally and also privately. The special basic training courses are aimed at people who are basically aiming for vocational training or retraining, but whose knowledge and skills are not yet sufficient to successfully carry out this training or retraining due to a (present) severe visual impairment or hearing impairment. If training or retraining is not possible due to personal reasons, funding can also be provided prior to taking up employment. Basic training for the blind During basic technical training for the blind, you will learn new techniques that will be necessary to perform or continue to perform a job because of your disability. The course contents include, for example: Reading and writing Braille (Braille), learning to use computer aids specific to the blind.., working with electronic braille readers and blind notetakers, orientation and mobility, so that you can move and orientate yourself independently and safely in public spaces, practical life skills so that you can, for example, sign your name, recognise money, care for your clothes and prepare small meals -in short, run your own household. The duration is 10 to 12 months. Hearing basic training During basic hearing training, you will learn strategies to communicate as well as possible with hearing people. The aim is for you to find out the hearing tactics with which you personally can best communicate with hearing people both at the training place or workplace and during a vocational qualification. The course contents include, for example: Speech training, Hearing training for hearing aid or cochlear implant users, development and training of listening tactics, use of written interpreters, sign language and technical aids, Audiotherapy, communication training, Training to increase the ability to concentrate and work under pressure. The duration is 3 to 6 months, depending on requirements. The technical training for the blind or comparable basic training is supported by the Employment Agency or the Job Centre, provided that the Federal Employment Agency is the responsible rehabilitation agency. You are entitled to either transitional allowance or training allowance and you are covered by social insurance. These basic training courses usually take place in a vocational rehabilitation facility that is equipped to meet the special needs of people with disabilities.