Apply for tax exemptions for children over 18 years of age
Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

Auch für ein über 18 Jahre altes Kind können Sie einen Kinderfreibetrag beantragen.
In the case of family benefit equalization, child benefit is usually paid over the course of the year. After the end of the calendar year, the tax office checks, as part of an income tax assessment, whether you have to deduct a child allowance and an additional allowance for the child's care, upbringing or training needs, or whether the child benefit remains.
The allowances are always taken into account when calculating the solidarity surcharge and church tax.
You can apply for the child allowance for children who are related to you in the first degree.
Under certain conditions, you can also apply for a child allowance for foster children.
Children over the age of 18 who have not yet reached the age of 25 can be considered under certain conditions. For children with disabilities, there is no age limit for eligibility under certain conditions.
After completing their first vocational training / first degree, adult children are only considered if they are not gainfully employed.
  • The required information must be provided in the child attachment.
  • The information in the child attachment is also necessary if the relevant information has already been given to the Family Benefits Office.
  • Corresponding documents or certificates are e.g. E.g. school or study certificate, training contract or training certificate

Preconditions

  • They must be related to the child in the first degree
  • In the case of foster children, there must be a family-like relationship and you must not have been admitted for employment purposes. The prerequisite is that the custody and foster relationship with the biological parents no longer exists.
  • Children over 18 years of age who have not yet reached the age of 25 can only be considered if they:
    • be trained for a profession (including schooling); Vocational training also includes the three-month basic training and the subsequent post training within the framework of voluntary military service (Section 58b Soldiers Act) or
    • Cannot start or continue vocational training due to a lack of a training place, or
    • a voluntary social or ecological year (Youth Voluntary Service Act), a European volunteer activity, a development policy voluntary service, a voluntary service of all generations (Section 2 (1a) SGB VII), an international youth voluntary service, a federal voluntary service or another service abroad (Section 5 of the Federal Voluntary Service Act) .
Without age limit, children who cannot support themselves financially because of physical, mental or emotional disabilities are taken into account. The prerequisite, however, is that the handicap occurred before the age of 25.

Hints

For inclusion on the income tax return, you must provide the full name and tax identification number for each eligible child.
The information in the child attachment is also necessary if you have already provided the relevant information to the Family Benefits Office.
Section 32 of the Income Tax Act (EStG)
Section 32 (4) of the Income Tax Act (EStG)

Related Links

  • Tax forms for the Federal Ministry of Finance
  • ELSTER home page
  • Further information on tax issues
  • You can apply for the child allowance in your income tax return.
  • You can submit the tax return on paper or online (e.g. via ELSTER).

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