Apply for a change in tax class when entering into a marriage
Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

Sie wollen die bei Heirat automatisch erteilte Steuerklassenkombination IV/IV nicht beibehalten? Dann können Sie und Ihre Ehefrau oder Ihr Ehemann bei Ihrem zuständigen Wohnsitzfinanzamt einen Antrag auf Steuerklassenänderung stellen.
Spouses who are both subject to unlimited income tax liability and do not live permanently separated are automatically classified in tax class IV at the time of marriage, even if only one spouse receives wages.

If you and your spouse meet the requirements for tax class IV, you can also apply for tax class III to be formed for one spouse and tax class V for the other spouse.

Furthermore, you and your spouse can also choose the tax class combination IV/IV with a factor.
(see further information)

If your employer and/or your spouse's employer is not to be informed of the changed marital status, you and/or your spouse can apply to your responsible tax office for a less favorable tax class to be taken into account. This would be tax class I.
It is also possible for you and/or your spouse to have your employer block access to the electronic wage tax deduction features (ELStAM).

You and/or your spouse must apply for the blocking of the employer's call-off at your responsible tax office (see further information).

If you have the retrieval blocked for your employer, your employer is obliged to tax your wages according to tax class VI.


Notice:
Since the law introducing the right to marry people of the same sex came into force on October 1, 2017, no new life partnerships can be established in Germany.

Since then, same-sex couples have been able to marry each other and are therefore treated equally to opposite-sex couples.

Existing civil partnerships can be converted into a marriage. However, there is no obligation to do so. Already existing civil partnerships can be continued in the previous form.
"Application for a change of tax class for spouses" form with tax identification number and signature of both spouses (see links).

If the marriage is concluded in Germany, there is no need to submit any further documents.

The properly issued foreign marriage certificate serves as proof of a marriage concluded abroad. You can apply to the registry office at your place of residence for the marriage to be subsequently recorded in the German marriage register (see link).
There is no obligation for subsequent certification. However, entry in the German marriage register can be an advantage because the local registry office can issue a marriage certificate. The registry office checks the effectiveness of the marriage according to German and the respective foreign laws. It will also be checked whether the name declarations in the marriage certificate are effective, if necessary, name declarations will be included.

Preconditions

You and your spouse are
  • unlimited income tax liability, which means that your domicile or habitual abode is in Germany.
  • Not permanently separated.
  • The transmission of the marriage from the registry office via the registration authority to the Federal Central Tax Office is usually automatic. The tax classes are set to IV/IV.

Hints

  • For ELStAM matters, you can contact any regional tax office in Hamburg.
  • The registration offices are responsible for changing the civil status data in the registration register (e.g. marriage, establishing a civil partnership, birth).
Section 39e (3) of the Income Tax Act (EStG)

Related Links

  • Re-notarization of a marriage abroad
  • Leaflet on tax class selection 2022
  • ELStAM, general information on tax classes and combinations
  • ELStAM, employee, factor method
  • ELStAM, employees, block your own ELStAM
If you do not want to keep tax class IV, which is automatically assigned upon marriage, you and your spouse can apply to your responsible tax office to change the tax class. You can use the ELSTER platform for this.

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