If a person is unable to manage his own affairs in the long term because of illness or disability, he needs a legal guardian to act on his or her and represent him. This can be a related person (spouse, child, friend) but also a volunteer helper or a professional supervisor. If the person concerned has not made a determination as to who should provide legal care for him or her in the event of an emergency, the care court (formerly the "guardianship court") must appoint a caregiver. If you would like to take care of your relatives yourself without the need for a judicial supervision procedure, your relative should give you a so-called preventive power of attorney in good time (i.e. in a state of business capacity). If the person or persons concerned are not in a position to apply for legal assistance, every third party may request in court that such assistance be established (relatives, social services, doctors). The care court decides on the type and scope of the care. It orders and dismisses the caregiver. In its decision, the court relies on its own immediate impression (judicial hearing), on a medical opinion and, if necessary, on a social report of the local care authority (central point of contact for all matters relating to legal assistance at the district office, in district-free cities with the city administration).