Apply for parental allowance / Bremerhaven Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

The parental allowance replaces 67 percent of the monthly income from gainful employment that is lost after the birth of the child, up to a maximum of 1,800 euros. For incomes below 1,000 euros, the percentage increases analogously to the level of income.

Since 01.01.2011, the replacement rate has been reduced to 65% for incomes above 1,200 euros. From an annual income of 250,000 euros for single parents and 300,000 euros for cohabitants, the entitlement to parental allowance ceases.

Those who were not employed before the birth of the child receive at least 300 euros.

In the case of additional children living in the household, a sibling bonus is paid under certain conditions. In the case of a multiple birth, the entitlement increases by 300 euros; the sibling bonus is no longer available in this case.

  • Certificate of birth,
    • with the purpose of use "to apply for parental allowance", in the case of multiple births for each child.
  • Certificate of employment,
    • Confirmation of the employer about the use of parental leave or the reduction of working hours
  • Certificate of maternity pay, statement from the employer for the calculation of the maternity pay supplement from the health insurance company
  • Salary statements,
    • if the mother is not self-employed: from the 14 months before the birth
    • in the case of the father's employment: from the 12 months preceding the birth

    The statements of account may also be submitted as copies.

  • Proof of income for self-employment,
    • In the case of self-employment, the tax assessment notice for the year before the birth of the child serves as proof of income. In the case of loss of income in this assessment period (e.g. pregnancy-related illnesses), the previous assessment period will be taken as a basis upon application.
    • If compulsory social security contributions are paid, proof of this is also required. A declaration on the continuation of the activity in the reference period is also required. If the activity is shut down/restricted, a replacement is hired, existing staff takes on additional tasks, etc.. If necessary, an estimate of the expected income in the reference period is also necessary. After the end of the reference period, the final calculation of the amount of entitlement is made.
  • Proof of mixed income (income from self-employment and employment),
    • If there is income from non-self-employed and self-employed activities in the 12 months before birth, the income from both activities from the calendar year before the year of birth is used.
  • Budget statement,

    required if the sibling bonus is applied for for additional children living in the household. This is paid if there is one further child under 3 years of age or two further children under 6 years of age living in the household. The entitlement lapses when the age limit is reached. The bonus amounts to 10% of the income-dependent parental allowance, but at least 75.00 euros

  • Copy of the residence permit
  • Identity card or passport,

    - one copy is sufficient in case of written notification
    - in case of representation with written power of attorney, the authorised representative must be able to identify himself with an identity card or passport


Parental allowance is claimed for months of the child's life. In principle, the eligibility requirements must be met from the beginning in each of the months applied for. Mothers and fathers are entitled to parental allowance if they

  • look after and bring up their children themselves after the birth,
  • for births before 01.09.2021: do not work more than 30 hours a week, or
  • for births after 01.09.2021: do not work more than 32 hours a week,
  • live with their children in the same household and
  • have a place of residence or habitual abode in Germany.

Exceptions in the case of foreign employment relationships, in particular secondments and the European conflict-of-law provisions must be observed.

Spouses or partners who care for the child after birth - even if it is not their own - can receive parental allowance under the same conditions.

Parental allowance is also available for adopted children and children taken in with the aim of adoption.

NEW: Parents of premature babies receive additional parental allowance months (birth of the child from 01.09.2021)
Depending on how early the child is born, parents receive parental allowance for up to four months longer. This gives them more time for their child in this challenging situation and the peace and security they need in their particular situation.
Specifically, if a child is born at least six weeks before the expected date, parents receive an additional month of basic parental allowance. If the child is born eight weeks early, there are two additional basic parental allowance months, if it is born twelve weeks before the calculated date, the parents receive an additional three months of parental allowance and if it is born 16 weeks before the calculated date, they receive an additional four months of parental allowance. The additional basic parental allowance months can also be converted into parental allowance plus months.


Changes that affect the entitlement to benefits, e.g. taking up work, must be reported to the parental allowance office immediately.

  • Bundeselterngeld- und Elternzeitgesetz (BEEG)
  • Elterngeldrechner beim Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend
  • Broschüre des Bundesministeriums für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend in Berlin_Geburt VOR dem 01.09.2021

If both parents basically meet the requirements for parental allowance, the application must also be signed by both of them. The enclosures, as described in the application form, should be enclosed if possible.

Benefits are granted at the earliest from the date of birth and retroactively at the most for the last 3 months of life before the month of application.

Parents may receive parental allowance from the day of birth until the child reaches the age of 14 months. Exceptions apply, as described above, for parents of particularly prematurely born children.

If children are taken into the household with a view to adoption, the 14-month period begins on the day the household is taken in (not on the date of birth, nor on the day the adoption is recognised). Eligibility ceases once the child reaches the age of eight.

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