Naturalization and fellow naturalisation Implementation Unfortunately this specification of service has not yet been completely translated.

By naturalising, you will become an equal citizen of Germany with all rights and duties. They can then take part, for example, in elections in the municipalities, in the federal states, in the Bundestag and in the European Parliament. You can also run for political office yourself. You can freely choose your profession in Germany. You will also be a part of the European Union (EU). As a union citizen, you can enter and stay in any EU country (free movement). You can also travel to many countries outside Europe without a visa. With German nationality, you acquire a number of rights: Universal suffrage all civic rights, such as freedom of assembly, freedom of association, freedom of movement and freedom of occupation intrusability of residence Access to official status Freedom of movement in the European Union Protection by German consulates abroad Visa-free travel in many countries around the world You must apply for naturalisation. You submit your application to the nationality authority responsible for your place of residence. Parents must apply for children and adolescents under the age of 16. The conditions under which they can be naturalized are described in the "Conditions" section. Exceptions and facilitation are possible in certain cases with regard to the conditions and fees.

Please ask the national authority responsible for your place of residence for the necessary documents.


Forms: yes Written form required: yes Personal appearance necessary: yes Online procedure possible: no Please ask the national authority responsible for your place of residence for the required forms.

Preconditions
For naturalisation or naturalisation, you must apply to the nationality authority responsible for your place of residence. The prerequisite for this is that you are already 16 years or older, or Your legal representative submits the naturalization application. There are different rules on the conditions under which naturalisation is possible. They are based on: whether you have a legal right to naturalization (claim naturalization) whether you are married or married to a German national (normal naturalisation) whether your naturalization is at the discretion of the authority (discretionary naturalisation) whether you are stateless or have the status of "homeless foreigner". Civilisation In the case of naturalisation, the authority must naturalize you if the following conditions are met: Their identity and nationality have been clarified. You can present a passport or other identity document with a photo from your home country, in particular an identity card. There must be no doubt about your identity and nationality. If you do not have an identity document, please seek advice from your naturalisation authority. They have been legally and usually in Germany for 8 years. The length of stay is reduced to 7 years if you have successfully participated in an integration course. It can be shortened to 6 years if you can demonstrate "special integration achievements", for example, good knowledge of German from level B2 of the Common European Framework of Reference. You are allowed to stay permanently in Germany. Such a right of permanent residence is such: with a residence permit as an EU citizen entitled to free movement and as their family members, nationals or nationals of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland and as their family members. as a Turkish worker, a Turkish worker or a family member who has a right of residence under the EU's right of association with Turkey A temporary residence permit is only sufficient in certain cases. They profess the liberal democratic basic order of the Basic Law and make a declaration of loyalty. If there are indications that you were anti-constitutional and have endangered the liberal democratic basic order, you cannot become a German citizen. They can make a living for themselves and dependent relatives themselves, are not dependent on social assistance or unemployment benefit Il. Exceptions are possible if you are not responsible for the use of these services. This applies, for example, if you have become unemployed as a result of a company-related dismissal, which has nothing to do with your behaviour at the workplace and therefore you have to claim unemployment benefit. As a rule, you must give up your previous nationality. There are exceptions to this, for example: You are a citizen of the EU or Switzerland. Foreign law does not provide for dismissal from nationality. The foreign State refuses to be released from nationality or makes it subject to unreasonable conditions. You have sufficient knowledge of German (level B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference). You have knowledge of the legal and social order and the living conditions in Germany. You usually prove this with a successful naturalization test. In order to prepare, you can, among other things, View the complete catalogue of questions on the website of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, for Construction and Homeland prepare for the naturalization test in the online test centre of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. They must not be convicted of a crime. You must also not have been ordered to have "measures of improvement and security", for example, admission to a psychiatric hospital. An exception is minor penalties. If you are investigated for a criminal offence, the naturalisation procedure will be suspended. The authority can then decide on naturalisation only after the outcome of the procedure. They are integrated into German living conditions, in particular they are not married to several spouses at the same time. Your spouse/life partner and minor children may also be naturalised before the end of the 8 years if they meet the other conditions for naturalisation. Your spouse or civil partner must have only been in Germany for 4 years and you must be married or married for at least 2 years. Children over 6 years of age must have been in Germany for at least 3 years. For naturalization, you must make a separate application. Normal naturalisation for spouses and registered civil partners As a spouse or civil partner of a German citizen, the authority must normally naturalize you if the following conditions are met: Their identity and nationality have been clarified. You can present a passport or other identity document with a photo from your home country, in particular an identity card. There must be no doubt as to identity and nationality. If you do not have an identity document, please seek advice from your naturalisation authority. You have an apartment or other accommodation. You can feed yourself and your family. It is sufficient if the maintenance of the family is secured by one of the partners. If you can only secure your maintenance by means of public funds such as unemployment benefit Il or social assistance, you can only be naturalised in exceptional cases. As a rule, you must give up your previous citizenship at the time of naturalisation. There are exceptions to this, for example: You are a citizen of the EU or Switzerland. Foreign law does not provide for dismissal from nationality. The foreign State refuses to be released from nationality or makes it subject to unreasonable conditions. You have sufficient knowledge of German (level B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference). They must not be convicted of a crime. You must also not have been ordered to have "measures of improvement and security", for example, admission to a psychiatric hospital. An exception is minor penalties. If you are investigated for a criminal offence, the naturalisation procedure is suspended. The authority can then decide on naturalisation only after the outcome of the procedure. You are in the German living conditions, in particular you are not married to several persons at the same time. You have been legally and usually in Germany for at least 3 years and you own a residence permit for family reunification or another title for permanent residence (as in the case of naturalisation). At the time of naturalisation, the marriage or registered civil partnership must have existed for at least 2 years. In addition, the German spouse/partner must have already held German citizenship during this period, so he must not have been naturalized himself. They profess the liberal democratic basic order of the Basic Law and make a declaration of loyalty. If there are indications that you were anti-constitutional and have endangered the liberal democratic basic order, you cannot become a German citizen. You have knowledge of the legal and social order and the living conditions in Germany. You usually prove this with a successful naturalization test. Naturalisation at its discretion When it comes to naturalisation, the authority is not obliged to naturalize you. However, it can decide positively if certain conditions are met and there is a public interest in your naturalisation. The following applies: Their identity and nationality have been clarified. You can present a passport or other identity document with a photo from your home country, in particular an identity card. There must be no doubt about your identity and nationality. If you do not have an identity document, please seek advice from your naturalisation authority. They are legally and usually in Germany. You have an apartment or other accommodation. You can feed yourself and your family. If you can only secure your maintenance by means of public funds such as unemployment benefit II or social assistance, you can only be naturalised in special cases of hardship or in the presence of a public interest. They must not be convicted of a crime. You must also not have been ordered to have "measures of improvement and security", for example, admission to a psychiatric hospital. An exception is minor penalties, special hardship cases or the existence of a public interest. If you are investigated for a criminal offence, the naturalisation procedure is suspended. The authority can then decide on naturalisation only after the outcome of the procedure. You are in the German living conditions, in particular you are not married to several persons at the same time. If these conditions are met, the Authority shall have a margin for manoeuvre in its decision. The following conditions are generally required by the naturalisation authorities: 8 years of legal habitual residence in Germany. Exceptions are made, for example, for refugees within the meaning of the Geneva Convention on Refugees, stateless persons (6 years of residence) as well as former Germans and their descendants, and for persons whose naturalisation is in the special public interest, for example top athletes. As a rule, you must have a right to permanent residence. They profess the liberal democratic basic order of the Basic Law and make a declaration of loyalty. As a rule, you must give up your previous citizenship at the time of naturalisation. There are exceptions to this, for example: You are a citizen of the EU or Switzerland. Foreign law does not provide for dismissal from nationality. The foreign State refuses to be released from nationality or makes it subject to unreasonable conditions. In principle, you have sufficient knowledge of German (level B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference). Exceptions are possible, for example, for older persons with 12 years of residence in Germany. You have knowledge of the legal and social order and the living conditions in Germany. You usually prove this with a successful naturalization test. If you do not meet these requirements, naturalization is only possible in exceptional cases. Your spouse/life partner and children can be naturalized together with you if they meet the other requirements for naturalization. As a family, this gives you the opportunity to acquire German citizenship together. The following conditions apply to this: Your spouse/life partner does not have to have been in Germany for 8 years, but only 4 years. You must be married or married for at least 2 years. Children over 6 years of age must be in Germany for at least 3 years. For naturalization, you must make a separate application. The requirements for naturalisation always depend on your individual situation. Naturalization for stateless and status of "homeless foreigners" If you are stateless since birth, you are entitled to naturalisation if: you were born in Germany, you have been legally resident in Germany for 5 years, you applied for naturalisation before you turned 21, they have not been sentenced to a custodial sentence or juvenile sentence of 5 or more years. You have the status "homeless foreigner" if you have a foreign nationality or are stateless, and stayed in Germany after the Second World War as a refugee or abductee of the Nazi regime on 30 June 1950, or Derive your nationality from a homeless foreigner and had your legal habitual residence in Germany on 1 January 1991. You are entitled to naturalisation if you have had a lawful habitual residence in Germany for 7 years, and have not been sentenced to a sentence of more than one year for an offence. Your spouse/life partner is entitled to fellow naturalisation under a reduced length of stay.
You must apply for naturalisation in writing: You will receive the application form from the national authority responsible for your place of residence. Complete the application in full, enform the necessary documents and send the application to your nationality authority. The authority will examine your application. After completing the examination, you will receive a notification. Naturalisation shall take effect upon the handing over of the naturalisation certificate. Please contact the national authority responsible for your place of residence for the exact procedure in your state.