Blind and severely visually impaired people receive blindness benefits regardless of the question of need. A person is blind if he or she is completely blind. Blind persons are also persons whose visual acuity is not more than 1/50 in either eye and also in both eyes, as well as persons with other visual impairments of the same degree of severity. A person who is not blind and whose visual acuity is not more than 1/20 in either eye and in both eyes, or who has such severe visual impairments that they result in a degree of disability of 100 according to the Social Code IX, is considered to be severely visually impaired. Temporary visual disturbances are not to be taken into account. A period of up to six months is considered temporary.
Since 01.04.2004, the full blind person's allowance amounts to 85 per cent of the blind person's assistance according to the Social Code XII (651 € monthly, status: 01.07.2021). Since 01.01.2013, deaf-blind people receive a doubled blindness allowance (1,302 € monthly, as of 01.07.2021).
On 01.01.2018, the visually impaired allowance was introduced. Highly visually impaired people receive a monthly amount of €195.30 (as of 01/07/2021), and highly visually impaired people who are also deaf receive €390.60 per month (as of 01/07/2021).
The amounts are regularly adjusted according to the assistance for the blind provided by social welfare.
In the case of accommodation in a home or similar institution, the blind allowance is reduced to a certain extent if the accommodation costs are covered in whole or in part by public funds. The blind allowance is then reduced by this support amount, but by no more than half.
Benefits from long-term care insurance as well as benefits paid for additional expenses due to blindness are to be credited against the blind person's allowance to a certain extent.
Blind person assistance can be paid within the scope of the social welfare or the war victim welfare. The blind person assistance in the context of the social welfare or the war victim welfare is granted starting from 01.07.2020 blind persons after completion of the 18. year of life at a value of 765,43 €, the blind persons under 18 years at a value of 383,37 €. The amount changes in each case by the percentage by which the current pension value in the statutory pension insurance changes. The income limit of § 85 Social Security Code XII applies (basic amount in the amount of twice the standard needs level 1 (see subsistence, assistance to) + 70 v. H. of the standard needs level 1 for other family members + costs of accommodation to an appropriate extent). A more favorable income limit applies in war victims' welfare. In the context of the integration assistance for humans with handicap(handicapped humans, assistance for ) also the costs of a guide dog and for other aids can be carried, if no other cost unit (e.g. legal health insurance) is responsible.
The Bavarian Ordinance on the Accessibility of Documents for the Blind and Visually Impaired in Administrative Procedures (BayDokZugV), which came into force on 01.09.2006, regulates the accessibility of documents for blind, blind and visually impaired people in administrative procedures in a form that they can perceive. The entitled persons do not incur any separate costs as a result.
See Accessibility for people with visual impairments in administrative procedures.
Bavarian Law on Allowances for the Blind; Section 72 of the Social Code XII; Bavarian Ordinance on Making Documents Accessible for Blind, Blind and Visually Impaired Persons in Administrative Procedures (BayDokZugV)
Bavarian Family and Social Welfare Center - Pension Office, statutory health insurance funds, social welfare administrations and war victims' welfare offices at the districts, counties and independent cities, Bavarian Family and Social Welfare Center - Main Welfare Office
Further information on the regulations can be found on the homepage of the Bavarian Ministry of Social Affairs.