In order to obtain the first fishing licence (see fishing licence), a passed fishing examination is usually required. This test shall demonstrate sufficient knowledge of fish species, the conservation of fish stocks and the management of fishing waters, fishing gear and its use, the treatment of fish caught and the rules on fisheries, animal welfare and nature conservation. State or state-recognised fishing examinations of the other federal states are equivalent to the Hessian fishing examination.
The following are exempt from taking the fisherman's examination:
- young people, if they buy a youth fishing licence,
- professionally trained fishermen with a corresponding final or master craftsman's examination as well as persons who are trained for this purpose,
- persons with scientific training in the field of fisheries,
- Persons who do not reside in Germany or who belong to the diplomatic corps and are in possession of a foreign fishing licence.