Other taxes: payment, rates, tax returns

Information about Rights & Duties of #Taxes and social insurance contributions for employees

Information about Rights & Duties

Other taxes: payment, rates, tax returns

Definition of tax obligations

Corporations that have their registered office or management in Germany are, in principle, liable to tax on their worldwide income. Corporations are share capital companies (Kapitalgesellschaften), such as a limited liability company (Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung, GmbH).

Corporations that have no registered office or management in Germany may be liable to tax in Germany if they receive domestic income. An example of this is profits from domestic branches and permanent establishments.

Among other things, company profits, capital gains and investment income are taxable. Capital gains may be tax-exempt in certain circumstances.

Types of business taxes in Germany

Corporate profits in Germany are subject to corporation tax at the rate of 15%. The tax amount is also subject to a solidarity surcharge of up to 5.5% above a certain tax threshold. In addition, the municipalities levy business tax on corporations that maintain a permanent establishment in Germany. Overall, the average tax burden for companies is around 30%.

The tax authorities of the federal states are responsible for enforcing and implementing tax legislation.

The corporation and business tax return must be filed annually, by 31 July of the following year. If the returns are drawn up by a tax adviser, this filing deadline is the end of February of the second following year. The declarations must be submitted electronically to the tax office.

Once determined by the tax office, advance payments of corporation tax must be made on a quarterly basis.

Corporations must, in principle, keep accounts. Together with the tax return, an electronic balance sheet (E-Bilanz) must be sent to the tax office.

Further information

  • More information on how to transfer your tax data to the competent tax office (in German)
  • The online form for filing the corporation tax return (KSt 1) (in German)
  • The online form for filing the trade tax return (GewSt 1A) (in German)
  • More information on the tax identification number
  • Tax deduction and discharge procedures

Responsible for the content
Federal Ministry of Finance

Last update or date of publication
25.01.2023